Top 5 Hard Disk Problems and Their Solutions

With the huge development in the electronic domain, we have seen a remarkable improvement in the hard drives. Before 10 years, nobody can imagine that the hard drive size can be 1, 2… TB and it is increasing day by day. Due to high pricing of the cloud or other online storage devices, the HDD is still one of the most popular devices to store different type of files like photos, music, videos, documents, etc. But this device will become a nightmare if it fails to detect or shows any kind of error/warning message on your windows screen.

Now we will discuss the common issues of inaccessible hard drives and the methods to fix them.

Issue 1: When you try to open a partition/volume, you get a message “F:\ is not accessible. Access is denied“.

This problem appears due to lack of permissions applied to the drive. You can apply permissions on it to make it accessible

Follow the following steps to solve your problem

Solution 1:

  • Right click on the drive. Choose Properties.
  • Click on the Security
  • Click on the button Advanced.
  • Click on the Users in the permission entries section.
  • Click on Change permissions.
  • Now again click on the Users in the permission entries section.
  • Click on the button Edit.
  • Give it full control right, and check the box Only apply these permissions to objects and/or containers within this container only.
  • Click on OK to close on the dialogs.

Solution 2:

  • Right click on the drive.
  • Choose Properties.
  • Click on the Sharing
  • Click on the Advanced Sharing
  • Now check the box “share this folder“.
  • Click on the Permissions.
  • Now check the option “Full Control” to give permissions to everyone.

Note: Under “Group or user names” there should be a default option of Everyone. In case it is not available, press Add and type Everyone and click OK.

Solution 3:

To fix this, you can follow these steps:

  • Click Start, click All Programs, and click Accessories.
  • Right-click Command Prompt and click run as Administrator.
  • On Command Prompt window, Type takeown /F (drive letter of your drive) and press Enter.
  • Type CACLS (drive letter of your drive) /G Administrator: F and press Enter.

Issue2: When you start your computer, you get a message “Operating System not found” or “Missing Operating System”.

This error may appear due to both hardware and software problems. You will view this message if

  1. BIOS is not detecting the hard disk.
  2. The hard disk is physically damaged.
  3. Zero sectors of the hard disk with the incorrect MBR information.
  4. An incompatible partition is marked as Active.
  5. A partition which has the MBR information is no longer an Active

To solve hardware problems first, check whether your hard drive is properly connected to the cables or not. Due to use for a long period of time, these cables can become faulty. So change the cables if you find it necessary. Also, change the CMOS battery if necessary. Then check whether your drive is listed in the BIOS or not. In case it is not listed, then we recommend you to stop working on the hard drive and contact a good data recovery company to recover your data. In other words, your disk is physically damaged.

Solution: If you can see your hard drive in the BIOS, you can try the System Recovery options in the installation CD disc to fix it.

In Windows 7

  1. Boot your computer with CD or DVD.
  2. On the Install Windows screen, make the selections for appropriate language, time, and keyboard, and then click Next.
  3. On the next screen, click Repair Your Computer.
  4. In System Recovery Options, select the operating system which you want to repair or restore
  5. Click Next.
  6. The System Recovery Options screen will open.
  7. Select Startup Repair or Command Prompt to repair your windows.

In Windows 8

  1. Boot your computer with CD or DVD.
  2. On the Install Windows screen, make the selections for appropriate language, time, and keyboard, and then click Troubleshoot.
  3. On Troubleshoot window, click on Advanced options.
  4. Select Automatic Repair or Command Prompt to repair your windows.

In Windows 10

  1. Boot your computer with CD or DVD.
  2. On the “Install Windows” screen, make the selections for appropriate language, time, and keyboard, and then click Next.
  3. On next screen click on Repair your computer.
  4. Now on Choose an option screen, click on
  5. On Troubleshoot screen click on Advanced options.
  6. Select Startup Repair or Command Prompt to repair your windows.
  7. If you have system Image, you can also restore the image using an option System Image Recovery

Note: We suggest you try the command prompt only if you have any prior knowledge of this.

In command prompt, enter the following commands to fix this issue

  1. Type bootrec /fixmbr and press enter
  2. Type bootrec /fixboot and press enter
  3. Type bootrec /rebuildbcd and press enter
  4. Type exit and press enter

 

Issue 3: When you connect a hard drive (internal or external), you will get a prompt “You need to format the disk in the drive before you can use it “or “The disk in drive is not formatted”.

This problem occurs due to some common reason when there is…

  1. Sudden power problem while transferring your files
  2. Improper ejection of the drive
  3. Virus attack
  4. presence of bad sectors

Solution: To open your drive, follow the following steps

  • Press +R button.
  • Type cmd and press
  • Type “chkdsk c:/f into the Command Prompt window (you can replace the drive letter c with your drive letter).
  • Press Enter

Note: This process takes time. If the problem still persists then you need good data recovery software to recover your data.

Issue 4: While formatting a partition, Windows shows a message “Windows was unable to complete the format.”

This problem may occur if

  1. The partition on the hard drive is corrupted or damaged
  2. The hard drive is physically damaged
  3. There is an attack of viruses or malware program
  4. The hard drive is not set up correctly in the BIOS
  5. You are trying to format a partition larger than 32 GB as a FAT32 file system
  6. The data cables are physically damaged
  7. Conflict of hard drive with another device connected on the same IDE cable

Solution: This issue is a very frustrating condition for the windows user. You need to

  • Ensure that the latest drivers and BIOS are installed on the computer
  • Ensure that your machine should be free from viruses and malware
  • Ensure that you are not creating a partition over 32 GB on Windows 2000, XP and 2003 operating system
  • Ensure that your data cables are in perfect conditions
  • Connect the conflicting device with different IDE Cable

Note: if the process to do Full Format fails, then try to do a Quick Format. We recommend you to do the low-level format of the hard drive to resolve the partition corruption cases.

Issue 5: Clicking, Grinding and rattling sounds coming from the hard

Solution: Clicking sound comes when the head of hard drive fails to write something on the hard drive magnetic media. Grinding and rattling sound comes when motor inside the hard drive fails to work correctly.so it means now the time has come to back up your data on the other drive quickly before your hard drive fails. You can also clone your hard drive to another hard drive of the same or greater size if you want to avoid the process of installation of the operating system but it requires a very technical knowledge.

Conclusion: In case there is no physical damage and there is a data loss, then you can use data recovery software to recover your data. The costs of this software are very less as compared to the cost of recovery from a physically damaged hard disk. This software also has the feature to detect the bad sectors in your hard drive which helps you to take preventive measures earlier. Some of the software also provides cloning utility which will make your cloning task simpler and easier.

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